Fantastic design of Ashgabat!

Ashgabat, the capital of Turkmenistan, is a quite young city, which has turned 141 years old. Today it is a modern city among the Karakum desert and the Kopetdag Mountains. It was included in the Guinness Book of Records as the whitest marble city on the planet. And now the “city of love”, as it translates from Turkmen, may be included in the UNESCO list in the nomination “Design”. Here you can find both Soviet-era buildings and many unusual modern buildings, some of which will be discussed in this post. And so the top 10 unusual buildings built in Turkmenistan!

The tooth–shaped building in the center of the capital is a six-storey stomatological center, which was built in 2013 and holds 400-450 people. It really looks like a tooth and meets all modern requirements for the prophylaxis and treatment of teeth. If you have a toothache, then you will definitely not get lost and understand where to go.


The bird–shaped building is the international airport of the capital, built in 2016. It surprises with its beauty and modern equipment. A luxurious style stands out – white marble, gold details, beautiful ceilings in the form of an ornament. The airport can service 17 million passengers a year.

Buildings in the form of a yurt or “Ak oi” (“white house”) can be found in all central cities of Turkmenistan. These huge structures with 4,000 seats were built quite recently, embodying the traditional house of Turkmens – the yurt. They were built on a grand scale for large public events.

The building-lighter. This is a modern architectural solution is to demonstrate the Ministry of Oil and Gas Industry in the form of a lighter. You can’t tell right away, but if you look closely, then it is exactly a lighter with 103 meters high.


The building-book. What do you think is the field of this structure? On April 1, 2011, a new building of the Ministry of Education was put into operation. It has an original architecture and resembles a huge open book — a symbol of knowledge. More than 350 people work on the 17 floors of the building.

The cobra-building is the Ministry of Health of Turkmenistan. The choice of design is logical, since the cobra is often associated with medicine. And considering the fact that 80% of the country’s territory is covered by the Karakum desert, in which such animals are found, the idea seems very natural. By the way, the project of the building was awarded the design prize for architectural form.


The «Yildiz» Hotel translates from the Turkmen language as “star”, but it looks like a drop of rain or a diamond.. The futuristic building is one of the most fashionable hotels in the country. Both from the outside and from the inside, it impresses with its oriental luxury and beauty. The hotel is decorated in gold and white colors. It stands on a hill, which allows its guests to enjoy a beautiful view of the golf field and the mountains. In addition to the fact that many guests of the capital stay here, they also hold cool events, seminars and conferences, such as the Go Viral Festival this summer.

The Leaning Tower of Pisa in the center of the Turkmen capital is not a joke, but a real work of art, which is also the Ministry of Energy of the country. However, this structure, unlike the Italian “falling” fellow, stands flat and does not bend anywhere. With the exception of some details, it is very similar to the Leaning Tower of Pisa, which is located in Italy. This is one of the most prestigious buildings, which is the property of the government.

The oil rig of the capital is the building of the Yagshigelda Kakayev International University of Oil and Gas. This is the main educational institution of the oil and gas community was founded in 2012. Turkmenistan is rich in minerals, especially gas and oil. Turkmenistan ranks 4th in the world in terms of natural gas reserves, and the country is also among the ten countries with the lowest cost of gasoline. Therefore, the building in the form of an oil rig among other fantastic structures does not surprise anyone.


The bazaar “Altyn Asyr” or “Golden Age” is made in the form of a traditional Turkmen carpet pattern – Akhal Velayat. Carpets are the pride of the Turkmen people. We have a Carpet Museum in our country, the largest hand-woven carpet in the world, as well as a bazaar that perfectly matches the national carpet pattern from a bird’s-eye view. With a size of 154 hectares, it is the country’s first largest market and the 5th in Central Asia. It hosts 2,155 stores, and in the center is the main landmark – the clock tower. In addition to a variety of goods and things, you can buy national Turkmen carpets on the market, which are famous for their quality and bright design!

These were the top 10 buildings with fantastic design in the capital of Turkmenistan. Have you been to Turkmenistan? What interesting buildings have you seen?